Soroca Fortress
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Soroca Fortress

Soroca Fortress is the only fortress built in the 15th century in Moldova, which has been preserved til now.

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Soroca Fortress is a unique historical monument of defensive constructions architecture of medieval Moldova. The prince Petru Rares, in his letter sent on 23 April 1543 to the magistrate of Bistrita town in Transylvania, asked for masters and hodmen to raise reinforcements in 

Soroca Fortress is the only fortress built in the 15th century in Moldova, which has been preserved til now. Soroca Fortress is a unique historical monument of defensive constructions architecture of medieval Moldova. The prince Petru Rares, in his letter sent on 23 April 1543 to the magistrate of Bistrita town in Transylvania, asked for masters and hodmen to raise reinforcements in Soroca.

It is considered the decisive argument related to the stone fortress, a fortress of wood and earth existed here, believed to be built in 1499 by Stefan the Great. "Coste, chief magistrate of Soroca", so is stated in the minutes of the Lord's counsel of 12 July 1499. The first documented reference of Soroca, as a fortress of wood and earth, appears in the minutes. After two months, on 14 September 1499, "Coste, guildmaster of Soroca", eyewitnesses the Treaty betwen Stefan the Great and Alexander, Grand Duke of Lithuania. Coste's participation in the Lord's counsel shows that Soroca fortress played an important role in defending the Throne Fortress of Stefan the Great from Suceava. Vestiges of this wooden fortification were found during archaeological excavations inside the fortress during 1958-1959 and 1968-1969.

The size and shape of Soroca fortress are very important for understanding its origin and place in the defence system of medieval Moldova. Soroca fortress is notable by its architecturalsystem of fortification: the walls with 5 towers form a circular enclosure, making it able to withstand heavy artillery siege attacks. Soroca fortress is contemporany to the achievements of the Italian Renaissance; it carries features similar to many fortress of Northern Italy (Caprarola Castle and Castel Del Monte). There are plenty of elements that make Soroca fortress resemble to Queenborough, Walmer and Deal castles from Kent, England. The considerable changes of the fortress have occured during the Polish people stay in the Fortress during 1684-1699. To the Enlclosure walls there were joined 13 rooms for storing gunpowder, and above them rooms for accommodation were built. Also, around the fortress there was dug a deep ditch, filled with water from the Racovat rivulet.
Soroca fortress in its historical past was the arena of the fierecest invasions. Here, at the foot of its walls, the cruelest wars took place. For decades this architectural masterpiece of the Republic of Moldova, annually attracts thousands of tourists by its mystery.

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